*Student 1st-author, ‡Postdoc 1st-author

In Review

Munch, F., Romanowicz, B., Mukhopadhyay, S., and Rudolph, M.L. (202?). Deep mantle plumes feeding periodic alignments of asthenospheric fingers beneath the central and southern Atlantic Ocean. Submitted to Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Rudolph, M.L., Sahu, K.C., Savva, N., , Szilágyi, A., Hórvölgyi, Z., Márton, P., Tajti, A., Szép, K., Balog, B., Tripathi, M.K., Manikantan, H., Forray, F.L., Manga, M., and Hantz, P. (202?). Bubble ascent and rupture in mud volcanoes. Submitted to Royal Society Open Science.

*Mills, C.L., Rudolph, M.L., and Lekic, V. (202?). Exploring and Summarizing Ensemble Solutions to Geophysical Inverse Problems. Submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth.

Black, B.A., Karlstrom, L., Mills, B.J.W., Mather, T.A., and Rudolph, M.L. (202?) Cryptic degassing and protracted greenhouse climates after flood basalt eruptions. In Review at Nature Geoscience.

Published Articles and Book Chapters:

41. *Lu, Q. and Rudolph, M.L. (2024). A synoptic view of mantle plumes enabled by virtual reality. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems.

40. Rhoden, A.R., Walker, M.E., Rudolph, M.L., Bland, M., and Manga, M. (2024). The evolution of a young ocean within Mimas. In press at Earth and Planetary Science Letters 118689

39. Rhoden, A.R., Rudolph, M.L., and Manga, M. (2022). The challenges of driving Charon's cryovolcanism from a freezing ocean. Icarus 392, 115391. [][Link ]

38. Rudolph, M.L., Manga, M., Walker, M.E., and Rhoden, A.R. (2022). Cooling crusts create concomittant cryovolcanic cracks. Geophysical Research Letters 49(5), e2021GL094421. [pdf ][Link]

37. *DeSalvio, N.D and Rudolph, M.L. (2021).  A Retrospective Analysis of b-value Changes Preceding Strong Earthquakes. Seismological Research Letters. doi:10.1785/0220210149. [pdf ][Link]

36. Rudolph, M.L, Lourenço, D.L., Moulik, P., and Lekic, V.L. (2021). Long-wavelength mantle structure: geophysical constraints and dynamical models. AGU Monograph "Deep Earth Material Cycles and Surface Expressions". doi:10.1002/9781119528609.ch1 / doi:10.1002/essoar.10503916.1 [preprint]

35. Rudolph, M.L., Moulik, P., and Lekic, V.L. (2020). Bayesian inference of mantle viscosity from whole-mantle density models. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 21(11), e2020GC009335 [preprint] [Supplementary Information]

Ensemble files and analysis scripts for this paper are here on Zenodo 

34. Lourenco, D. and Rudolph, M.L. (2020). Shallow lower mantle viscosity modulates the pattern of mantle structure. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 21(9), e2020GC008934. [Link] [pdf]

The geodynamic models and post-processing scripts for this paper are available here on Zenodo 

33. *Citron, R., Lourenço, D.L., Wilson, A., Grima, A., Wipperfurth, S., Rudolph, M.L., Cottaar, S., and Montési, L. (2020). Effects of heat-producing elements on the stability of deep mantle thermochemical piles. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 21(4), e2019GC008895. [Link] [pdf]

32. Hemingway, D., Rudolph, M.L., and Manga, M. (2020). Cascading parallel fractures on Enceladus. Nature Astronomy 4, 234-239. [preprint][Link]

Coverage by Science

Coverage by The New York Times

31. Williams, C.D., Mukhopadyay, S., Rudolph, M.L., Romanowicz, B. (2019). Primitive helium is sourced from seismically slow regions in the lowermost mantle. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 20(8), 4130-4145.  Link [pdf]  

AGU Blog Post

30. Rudolph, M.L., Sohn, R.A, and Lev, E. (2018). Fluid oscillations in a laboratory geyser with a bubble trap. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 368, 100-110. Link [pdf]

29. Tingay, M, Manga, M., Rudolph, M.L., and Davies, R.J. (2018). An alternative review of facts, coincidences and past and future studies of the Lusi eruption. Journal of Marine and Petroleum Geology 95, 345-361. Link [pdf]

28. Rudolph, M.L., and Sohn, R. (2017). A model for internal oscillations in geysers. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 343, 17-24. Link

27. Li, M.M., Black, B., Zhong, S.J., Manga, M., Rudolph, M., and Olson, P. (2016) Quantifying melt production and degassing rate at mid-ocean ridges from global mantle convection models with plate motion history. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 17(7), 2884–2904. Link [pdf]

26. Bonini, M., Rudolph, M.L., and Manga, M. (2016) Long and short-term triggering and modulation of mud volcano eruptions by earthquakes. Tectonophysics 672-673, 190-211 Link [pdf]

25. Rudolph, M.L., Lekic, V., and Lithgow-Bertelloni, C. Viscosity Jump in Earth's Mid-mantle. (2015) Science 350(6266), 1349-1352 Link [data]

    Coverage by Science News

    Coverage by

    Coverage by IFLScience! 

    Press release about this paper and Ballmer et al. 2015

24. Rudolph, M.L., Manga, M., Tingay, M., and Davies, R.J. (2015). Influence of seismicity on the Lusi mud eruption. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 7436-7443 Link [pdf]

23. Shirzaei, M., Rudolph, M.L., and Manga, M. (2015). Deep and shallow sources for the Lusi mud eruption revealed by ground deformation. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 5274–5281 Link [pdf]

22. Tingay, M., Rudolph, M.L., Manga, M., Davies, R.J., Wang, C.-Y. (2015). Initiation of the Lusi mudflow disaster (peer reviewed correspondence). Nature Geoscience. doi:10.1038/ngeo2472. Link [pdf]

        Coverage by New York Times

        Coverage in Jakarta Post

        Coverage by Ars Technica

        Coverage by Financial Times

21. Zhong, S. and Rudolph, M.L. (2015) On the Temporal Evolution of Long-wavelength Mantle Structure of the Earth Since the Early Paleozoic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 16(5) 1599-1615. Link [pdf]

20. Olson, P., Deguen, R., Rudolph, M.L., and Zhong, S. (2015). Core evolution driven by mantle global circulation. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. 243, 44-55 Link [pdf]

19. Tran, A., Rudolph, M.L., and Manga, M. (2015). Bubble mobility in mud and yield-stress fluids. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 294, 11-24. Link [pdf]

18. Muñoz-Saez, C., Manga, M., Hurwitz, S., Rudolph, M.L., and Namiki, A. (2015). Dynamics within geyser conduits, and sensitivity to environmental conditions: Insights from a periodic geyser in the El Tatio Geyser Field, Atacama Desert, Chile. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 292, 41-55. Link [pdf]

    Highlight by UC Berkeley Media Relations

17. Vandemeulebrouck, J., Sohn, R.A., Rudolph, M.L, Hurwitz, S., Johnston, M.J.S., Soule, S.A., McPhee, D, Glen, J.M.G., Karlstrom, L., Murphy, F., and Manga, M. (2014). Eruption dynamics at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Part 2: Geophysical Constraints on Subsurface Dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research B. doi: 10.1002/2014JB011526 Link [pdf]

16. Rudolph, M.L., and Zhong, S.J. History and dynamics of the net rotation of the mantle and lithosphere. (2014). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(9) 3645-3657, doi:10.1002/2014GC005457 Link [pdf]

        Featured on the cover of G3 Link

15. Rudolph, M.L. and Zhong, S. (2013), Does degree-2 stability imply LLSVP fixity? (peer-reviewed comment arising from Conrad et al. 2013). Nature 503, E3-E4, doi:10.1038/nature12792 Link [pdf]

14. Karlstrom, L., Hurwitz, S., Sohn, R., Vandemeulebrouck, J., Murphy, F., Rudolph, M., Johnston, M., Manga, M., and McCleskey, R.B. (2013) Eruptions at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Part 1: Energetics and Eruption Dynamics. JGR-B 118, 4048-4062. Link [pdf]

    Highlight in EOS

13. Rudolph, M.L., Shirzaei, M., Manga, M., Fukushima, Y. (2013), Evolution and future of the Lusi mud eruption inferred from ground deformation. Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 1089-1092. DOI: 10.1002/grl.50189 Link [pdf]

    ScienceNews Coverage

12. Rudolph, M.L., Manga, M., Hurwitz, S., Johnston, M., Karlstrom, L., and Wang, C.-Y. (2012) Mechanics of Old Faithful Geyser, Calistoga CA. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L24308 Link [pdf]

    Briefly mentioned here

11. Rudolph, M.L, and Manga, M. (2012) Effects of anisotropic viscosity and texture development on convection in Ice Ih mantles. JGR 117, E11003. Link [pdf]

10. Rudolph, M.L. and Manga, M. (2012), Frequency dependence of mud volcano response to earthquakes. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L14303. Link [pdf]

9. Thomas, A.M., Burgmann, R., Shelley, D.R., Beeler, N.M., and Rudolph, M.L. (2012), Tidal sensitivity of low frequency earthquakes near Parkfield, CA: implications for fault mechanics below the brittle-ductile transition. J. Geophys. Res. B. 117, B05301 Link [pdf]

8. L. Karlstrom, M.L. Rudolph, and M. Manga (2012), Caldera size modulated by the yield stress within a crystal-rich magma reservoir. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo1453. Link [pdf]

7. M.L. Rudolph, L. Karlstrom, and M. Manga (2011), A prediction of the longevity of the Lusi mud eruption, Indonesia, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308, 124-130. [pdf

     This work is also described in an article in the Spring 2011 issue of Berkeley Science Review. Article (pdf)

6. M.L. Rudolph and M. Manga (2010), Mud Volcano Response to the April 4, 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth) 115, B12211 [pdf]

5. Manga, M., Brumm, M., and M.L. Rudolph (2009), Earthquake Triggering of Mud Volcanoes Marine and Petroleum Geology 26(9), 1785-1798. Link [pdf]

4. M.L. Rudolph and M. Manga (2009), Fracture penetration in planetary ice shells, Icarus 199(2), 536-541 Link [pdf]

3. W. Gorczyk, T. Gerya, J. Connolly, D. Yuen, and M. Rudolph (2006), Large-scale rigid-body rotation in the mantle wedge and its implications for seismic tomography, G-Cubed, 7, Q05018 Link [pdf]

2. Y. Wang, E. Bollig, B. Kadlec, Z. Garbow, G. Erlebacher, D. Yuen, M. Rudolph, X. Yang, and E. Sevre "WEB-IS (Integrated System): An Overall View" Visual Geosciences 10(1), 27-42. Link 

1. M. Rudolph, T. Gerya, D. Yuen, and S. DeRosier Visualization of multi-scale dynamics of hydrous cold plumes at subduction zones," Visual Geosciences 9(1), 59. Link [pdf]


Manga, M. and Rudolph, M. (2023) Enceladus Erupts (quick study). Physics Today 76(1), 62--63.

Conference Proceedings

M. Rudolph, T. Gerya, and D. Yuen, "Challenges in the Visualization of a Two-Dimensional Mantle Convection Simulation Using One Billion Tracers," Proceedings of the Third M.I.T. Conference on Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, June 2005